In India, women are traditionally discriminated, and they are not meant to give their personal opinions concerning political or even familial decisions. Their thoughts are rarely taken into account, in spite of the hard daily labour they have to do in order to make their family live.
Instead of going to school, women have to work early to help their families. 25% of indian women get married under the age of 15, most of the time against their will. Indian women daily face wrong treatments, violence and exploitation.
However, woman status got better through the last decade. More and more women got involved in political activity. Thus, the country was lead by a woman called Pratibha Patil from 2007 to 2012. She was the first woman to reach this function since the republic wa created, in 1950.
In India, women can get involved in political activity, they can get welfare benefits and/or create their own firm. However, poverty, plus a lack of information in rural areas prevent them to be really independant.
Actions to promote human rights, literacy or micro-finance are essential in order to give women the status they deserve, and make them hope for a better future.
« Made in India » ? Indecent working conditions.
In Arasur, next to the « textile city » called Coimbatore. 5000 workers are there, 90% being women. The firm is a subcontractor of many famous brands in occident, such as « Carrefour », « Pimkie », « Les 3 suisses », « Decathlon », « Kiabi », but also « Tesco », « Marks&Spencer ». More recently, three more (« Gap », « C&A » and « H&M ») placed a pre-order to the firm. That firm, called « KPR », doubles its production capacity every 2 or 3 years. Its activity is concentrated on exportation.
Women are highly exploited in the frame of the « Sumangali program » : 60 000 are victims in Tamil Nadu. « Sumangali » means « married woman » in hindi. 10 years ago, textile industries had this « wonderful » idea : they asked women coming from poor rural areas, and mainly illiterates, to come and work like slaves for them. Not forever. « Just » for three years. Then, they can earn from 30 000 to 50 000 rupees (from 500 to 800 euros). Enough to pay their dowry, even if that practice has been, from more than 50 years, prohibited. Even if they work with deafening machine-tools, girls/women are rarely provided with earplugs. Even if particles of cotton are floating in the air, they wear the cloth around their neck. The risks are high : anemia, asthma, precocious puberty…
That country doesn’t know about human resources issues. Indian poverty is such that indian people are almost ready for anything, in order to survive.